- Duration 19 days
- Max Altitude 3700m
- Group Size 2-10
- Best Season Mar-May, Sep-Nov
- Per Day Walk 06-07 hrs
- Accomodation Hotel / Teahouse
- Start/End KTM /KTM
- Difficulty Challenging
- Trip Type Solo / Group /
- Location Manaslu Region
The Tsum valley trek is for the adventurous trekker seeking the real Nepal. It offers a chance to experience high altitude, challenging terrain, local lifestyle, and stunning views of Himalayan ranges. Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek is an ideal destination for those seeking an escape from city life.
Located in Manaslu Conservation Area, the Tsum Valley is divided into Chumchet and Chekampar villages, known as Lower Tsum and Upper Tsum, respectively, across the Budhi Gandaki-Shiar Khola River.
Majestic Himalayan peaks surround the Tsum valley, which lies between altitudes of 1600 and 6705 meters above sea level and is a respected Buddhist cultural heritage site.
Tsumba territory has close spiritual connections to Monasteries, including Mani Bompos, Mani Walls, Kanis, and Chortens.
One of the world’s remote valleys, Tsum valley offers stunning views of the surrounding Himalayan range like Ganesh Himal, Boudha Himal ranges, and Sringi Himal. There is no better way of discovering and appreciating the remoteness of Nepal than spending time on the Tsum valley trekking trail.
Tsum valley was closed to foreign trekkers before 2008 due to political regions, and this is also called the hidden valley. The trail is now open but stands in a restricted area. Tsum Valley is also an entryway into the Tibet province of neighboring Chinese territory, with the Tibetan border just a few kilometers away.
Tsum valley trek offers the wilderness and remoteness any nature-loving person seeks. Any adventure-seeking trekkers love the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of this place.
The trails are not crowded compared to the popular ones like Annapurna Circuit Trek, Everest Base camp trek, or Ghorepani Poonhill trek.
The pristine setting and the culture of the Tsum valley shed light on the Tsumba Indigenous peoples. They are one of the few nomadic tribes in Nepal who still follow their traditional lifestyle.
The Buddhist culture and history of the valley are linked inextricably with the landscape. The Himalayas have shaped the lives of the people here for centuries.
The region is restricted, and trekkers cannot hike alone without a local trekking agency and their guides accompanying them. In addition, Trekkers need to obtain a conservation area permit to visit the region. Mountain routes secure the restricted area permits required for the clients.
The Manaslu Tsum Valley trekking trail is a once-in-a-lifetime experience; the only way to know what you are missing out on is to do it.
Start and end of Tsum Valley Trek
Even though we start for the Manaslu Tsum valley trek from Kathmandu, the actual on-foot journey begins on the third day from Sotikhola to Machha Khola and forward. The hidden valley(Tsum valley) trek is an excellent destination for those looking for an off-the-beaten-track experience through the narrow trails, rocky ravines, and Gurung village with never-ending natural beauty.
Heading northward for the first few days, trekking trails to Manaslu Tsum Valley and Manaslu Circuit overlap as trekkers walk alongside the rocky trail of the beautiful Buri Gandaki River. During the adventure trek, you cross over many suspension and wooden bridges and pass several waterfalls while climbing higher and through the mountains.
The hike to Milarepa Cave (Piren Phu) is exceptional for building into the rock face. Tucked into a cave are many Buddhist shrines and paintings.
The trek to Tsum valley ends at Soti Khola, making beautiful memories of a lifetime.
What to expect during Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
The Tsum valley trekking route passes through some of the most beautiful landscapes in the country. It takes us through the forested hillsides of the lower Tsum valley, past the ancient village of Chuchenparo, and up to the highland meadows of the upper Tsum valley.
The biocultural landscape through the Tsum valley trek comprises scenic Himalayan mountains, lakes, and rivers along with typical flora and fauna, including musk deer and blue sheep, all co-existing together.
Walking past the ancient Gompas, sacred caves, Buddhist murals, and lush green rice terraces, alongside the majestic backdrop of breathtaking mountain views with the endless blue sky, feels like heaven. To capture the memories, you must carry extra batteries for your camera.
Not only do trekking poles help to keep balance on uneven ground, but they also reduce the effort on the legs. So while it may take some time to adjust to using the poles, it is worth carrying them.
Accommodation during the trip is on the Teahouses that offer Nepali staple food, i.e., Dal, Bhat, and curry. However, food can become a reason to spoil your journey. Hence, stick to the essential foods for the entire journey. Likewise, don’t drink water from taps. Instead, ask for boiled water if you carry a water container or use purification tablets.
Tsum Valley Trek Itinerary
Day 1 : Arriving in Kathmandu
On the very first day, you arrive in Kathmandu. Our representatives from Mountain Routes will pick you up at the Tribhuwan International airport and take you to your hotel. They answer your queries regarding the trek and explain the trekking route and schedule. Upon reaching your hotel, you freshen, then go around exploring the beautiful city of Kathmandu. You also prepare for your trekking that begins the next day.
Day 2 : Kathmandu to Arughat (608 m) then to Soti Khola (730 m) Trip Duration: 6 hours + 2 hours
On the 2nd day of our Tsum valley trek, we drive from Kathmandu to Arughat and then to Soti Khola. We head to Arughat after early breakfast.
It takes us about 6 hours to reach Arughat along the Prithvi Highway. From Dhading, we divert from the highway and take a detour passing beautiful villages while enjoying the views of Manaslu and Ganesh Himal. Arughat is a clustered village on both sides of the Budhi Gandaki river, connected by a suspension bridge. From Arughat, it is a 2 hours drive to Soti Khola. Upon reaching Soti Khola, we check into our lodge and rest for the night.
Day 3 : Soti Khola to Machha Khola (890 m) Trip Duration: 6 hours
On the 3rd day of our trek, we hike from Soti Khola to Maccha Khola for about 6 hours. We enjoy the beautiful Himalayan peaks by following the trail north alongside the Budhi Gandaki river. We pass several small villages on our way, continuing our trek through many ups and downs until Lapubesi (880 m). Then, we continue along the trail to the vast sandy river bank. We finally reach Maccha Khola, then rest for the night.
Day 4 : Machha Khola to Jagat (1400 m) Trip Duration: 6-7 hours
Today, we trek from Maccha Khola to Jagat for about 6-7 hours. Crossing the river, we head upstream to Khola Besi. We then continue the trail on a dramatic gorge with sculptured rocks of spectacular waterfalls. We can also enjoy the natural hot water spring, Tatopani. From there, we ascend, crossing the landslide-prone area towards Dovan. At Dovan, we cross a suspension bridge over Yaru Khola to climb the stone stairs. Following the trail further, we reach Thado Bharyang and finally Jagat. Overnight at Jagat.
Day 5 : Jagat to Lokpa (2040 m) Trip Duration: 6-7 hours
On the 5th day of the trek, we hike from Jagat to Lokpa for 6-7 hours. It is a trek in a restricted area, so we must have our permits handy. We follow the trail along the river bank of Budhi Gandaki, then cross it over a long suspension bridge. Continuing our trek, we reach Ekle Bhatti, where the trail separates between Tsum Valley and Manaslu Circuit trek. We continue until Lokpa, where we check into our lodge and spend the night there.
Day 6 : Lokpa to Chumling (2386 m) Trip Duration: 4-5 hours
Today, we hike from Lokpa to Chumling for about 4-5 hours of our time. While hiking, fantastic views of Baudha Himal and Ganesh Himal accompany us. The trail descends from Lokpa to Lungwa river, then climbs to Gumling. The path traverses through beautiful Rhododendron and pine forests before reaching Gumling. From Gumling, we continue our trek further to cross Shiar Khola before reaching Chumling. Upon reaching Chumling, we have our lunch and set out for a side trip to upper Chumling. We visit three famous monasteries: Panago Gumba, Mani Dhungyu, and Guwa Gumba. Overnight at Chumling.
Day 7 : Chumling to Chhokangparo (3010 m) Trip Duration: 5-6 hours
Today, we hike from Chumling to Chhokangparo, which takes about 5-6 hours. Our trail takes us along the Shiar Khola down to Domje. From there, we climb to the Tsum valley – Gho village’s largest village. Gho village has a very unusual and famous Gumba. After trekking some time from Gho, we finally reach Chhokangparo. We are rewarded with the astonishing views of Himchuli and Ganesh Himal. We then check into our resting place and spend the night there.
Day 8 : Chhokangparo to Rachen Gumba (3300 m) Trip Duration: 6 hours
We trek from Chhokangparo to Rachen gumba on the 8th day of our trek. It takes about 6 hours to reach Rachen gumba (Rachen Gompa). After following the trail from Chokkangparo, we reach Rachen gumba (Rachen Gompa) through ups and downs. Not only the Gumba is impressive the views of the Ganesh Himal range are breathtaking. We will enjoy this fantastic view and then return to our resting place for the night.
Day 9 : Rachen Gumba to Mu Gumba (3700 m) Trip Duration: 6 hours
We begin our trek from Rachen gumba (Rachen Gompa) to Muu gumba, early after breakfast. The trail passes through Nile village, the last village on the banks of Syar Khola. From there, we continue our trek to Mu Gumba. Upon reaching Muu gumba, we can see an ancient monastery. It is located at the highest and oldest point in the Tsum valley. The path is a trade route between Nepal and Tibet. Overnight in Mu Gumba.
Day 10 : Mu Gumba to Rainjam (2600 m) Trip Duration: 6 hours
Today, we hike from Muu gumba to Rainjam. It takes us about 6 hours to complete today’s trek. Today the trail descends, rewarding us with beautiful views of the Punchen Himal. The trail is the same one we used while ascending. Upon reaching Rainjam, we check into our lodge and spend the night there.
Day 11 : Rainjam to Gumba Lungdang (3200 m) Trip Duration: 5 hours
We continue today’s trek from Rainjam to Gumba Lungdang. It takes about 5 hours, and we ascend the trail. Gumba Lungdang has a vast and beautiful monastery that has all female monks. There are about 40 monks in this Gumba. From Gumba Lungdang, we can enjoy the spectacular views of the Ganesh Himal range. The sunrise seen over the Ganesh Himal range is something out of this world. Overnight at Gumba Lungdang.
Day 12 : Gumba Lungdang to Ripchet Trip Duration: 5-6 hours
Today, we trek from Gumba Lungdang to Ripchet, which takes about 5-6 hours. The trail takes us to Rainjam, accompanying us with the majestic views of the Ganesh Himal. From there, through ups and downs, we reach the beautiful village of Ripchet. About 70 families live in this village. We will stay at one of the homestays provided by this village.
Day 13 : Ripchet to Philim (1600 m) Trip Duration: 5-6 hours
Today we hike from Ripchet to Philim, which takes about 5-6 hours. We traverse through dense pine forests in which many beautiful species of birds can be seen. We may also encounter beautiful Musk deer if we are lucky. Continuing our trek through these forests, we reach Philim, a small but beautiful village whose culture and traditions will win our hearts. The people of this village teach us the proper way to treat our guests. Overnight at Philim.
Day 14 : Philim to Khorlabesi (930 m) Trip Duration: 6-7 hours
Today, we trek from Philim to Khorlabesi, which takes about 6-7 hours. It is a relatively long trek descending the river banks of the Budhi Gandaki river. After that, we will come across Tatopani, a natural hot spring. We can relax in the hot spring and wash away all our tiredness. After trekking for some time, we finally reach Khola Besi. Overnight at Khola Besi.
Day 15 : Khorlabesi to Soti Khola (730 m) Trip Duration: 5-6 hours
Today, we trek from Khorlabesi to Soti Khola. It takes us about 5-6 hours to reach Soti Khola. We will walk today, enjoying the beautiful Thakali and Gurung villages as we pass through them. Beautiful mountains and waterfalls will make our today’s trek worthwhile. Upon reaching Soti Khola, we check into our lodge and spend the night there.
Day 16 : Soti Khola to Arughat (570 m) Trip Duration: 5 hours
On the 16th day of our Tsum valley trek, we hike from Soti Khola to Arughat, which takes about 5 hours. We pass through many villages and cultivated lands, cross bridges and finally reach Arughat. Overnight at Arughat.
Day 17 : Arughat to Kathmandu Trip Duration: 7-8 hours
Today, we drive from Arughat to Kathmandu, which takes about 7-8 hours. We start early after breakfast. Starting from Arughat, we first reach Dhading Besi and Malekhu. We have our lunch at Malekhu, famous for its fresh fish. On our way to Kathmandu, we will enjoy the turquoise Trishuli river and the fantastic views of the mountains. Upon reaching Kathmandu, we check into our hotel and rest. You can also enjoy the beautiful Thamel during the night.
Day 18 : Exploring Kathmandu
On the 18th day of our Manaslu Tsum valley trek, we explore the beautiful city of Kathmandu. To understand the people and culture, we explore selected places like Pashupatinath, Kathmandu Durbar square, Patan Durbar square, and Swayambhunath temple. After exploring the beautiful places of Kathmandu, we return to our hotel. A good night’s sleep is all that is left for the night.
Day 19 : Departure
Today is the last day of our Tsum valley trek and your last day in Nepal. Our representatives will help with your airport transfer. Traveling home, you now have an adventurous journey to share with your family and friends.
People Also Ask
How do we go to Tsum valley?
Getting to Tsum Valley we need to ride from Kathmandu to Soti Khola on a private jeep or bus the ride will take around 7 hours in jeep and 8 To 9 hours in a bus. From Soti Khola our actual trek will begin and the journey to Tsum valley will start.
Where is Tsum valley located?
Tsum valley is located in northern Gorkha in the trans-Himalayan region. Tsum valley is sacred pilgrimage valley which was not opened for outsiders till 2008. The majestic valley lies in the lap of the Himalayas surrounded by Ganesh himal, buddha Himal, Hiunchuli Himal, and Sringi Himal.
How difficult is Tsum valley trekking?
Tsum valley trek comes under moderate grade trek. The routes are not confusing and well maintained. The routes will be less crowded than other trekking regions like the Annapurna circuit and Everest circuit. Being in the proper physical condition is recommended for this trek. Tsum valley trek is for all level of trekkers both normal and novice trekkers can do this trek. However, this trek needs to be treated with respect one needs to be in the perfect physical and mental condition in order to complete this trek. As one needs to walk for 5 to 6 hours a day in the steep terrain.
Should I do any training for Tsum valley trek?
Well a training before a trip is always beneficial but you don’t need specific training you should more
focus on your diet and exercise. You should start your exercise 1 month before the trek. You can train yourself at home also just focus your training on building Endurance, stamina, and strength. You can start by 30 minutes jogging stretches and a few rounds of pushups. After a few days trying to run for 5kms or brisk walking. If there are hills near your hometown go for hiking 2 3 times with 4 to 5 kgs of backpack this will help you build your strength. Cycling uphill or around the town is also a good idea for building stamina. Take the stairs and try to walk it. Build your core muscle strong and prepare your legs for 6 to 7 hours of hike. Joining a local Gym, swimming club or a climbing gym is also a good idea. Aerobics exercises are also found to be helpful. For a month focus on
- Increasing endurance and stamina
- Start Running 5 to 10 km and slightly increase the pace and distance
- Hike as much as you can especially in hills
- Make your gut your best friend focus on what you eat cut out Fast foods and start eating healthy
- Limit the alcohol intake
How much de we have to walk per day?
The trails to Tsum valley trek is quite long and challenging. On Average, we will be walking 7 to 8 hours per day. but it fully depends on the itinerary and the day of the trek. Some day we will just be walking for 4 to 5 hours and someday for 7 to 8 hours.
What about the permits ?
You will need two kinds of a permit for Tsum Valley Trekking
- Restrict Area permit
- Manaslu Conservation Area permit
All the cost of the permits will be sent to you via mail.
What are the main attractions of Tsum valley trek?
Tsum valley is one of the most culturally rich and ancient valleys of Nepal. Being an isolated place for a long time Tsum valley has a lot to offer. Some of the attractions of Tsum valley trek are
- Religious arts, architecture and values
- Poojas, rituals and festivals
- Magnificent Views of the breathtaking Mountains
How much does my backpack weight?
Your daysack will not weight more than 5 to 6 kilos as you will only be carrying waters, chocolate bars and cameras all your backpacks will be carried by our porters. But do not bring unnecessary items as it will just hamper the trek. the standard weight that a porter will carry is 25 kgs. If you are on a special project and need more stuff then we can arrange two porters for you. If you are planning to carry your own backpack then we do not recommend you to bring more than 15 kilos.
Can I buy my gears at Nepal?
Of course, you can there are many retail shops of trekking gears in Kathmandu. You can buy quality gears in Thamel. Our guides can assist you while buying the gears this will help you to save the extra cost on unnecessary gears.
How is the accommodation?
Tsum valley trekking as being the remote and restricted circuit we cant expect luxury accommodations. The accommodations are Tea houses and lodges which are operated by the local people. In the remote area taking the goods is very difficult and the only means of transportation is Yaks, donkeys or helicopter however the tea houses provide you with the best of the best. The tea houses offer you warm comfy bed mattress and blanket, WiFi, Hot shower, attached bathroom and sometimes they even have a heater to warm up the dining hall. You can choose a single room or either share your room with a partner.
What can I expect in the meal?
The tea houses offer a variety of meals according to your choice from Local Daal Bhat to European and Chinese foods like noodles, pasta, MOMO, macaroni, pizza, sausages, Tibetan bread, omelette, sandwich, chapati, and many more. All the food meets the standard portion and quality. our guides will always be there to inspect the hygiene and standard of the food and make sure that it reaches the required standard. Our first priority is clients health and safety. You can always pack your favourite snack. But don’t bring too much as you will have enough foods
What about the water?
We recommend drinking 3 to 4 litres of water per day as you will be hiking in high altitudes which will dehydrate our body fast. Do not drink the tap water or direct water make sure you filter it before drinking. You can bring your own purification tablets or life straw to filter the water. Water could be refilled at the tea houses also but it will cost you some amount of money. The tea houses also offer you hot water.